The United Nations Special Envoy for Syria, Mr. Staffan de Mistura, is working tirelessly to bring the parties to the negotiating table and an end to the war.
As mandated by Security Council Resolution 2254 (2015), the talks focus on governance, a schedule and process to draft a new constitution and the holding of elections as the basis for a Syrian-led, Syrian-owned process to end the conflict. Discussions include counter-terrorism strategies.
Previously, the parties met in Geneva in February, March and April 2016.
In parallel, parties were convened in Ankara, Turkey in December 2016, by Russia, Turkey and Iran, agreed to a nationwide ceasefire that began on 30 December 2016. Between January and May 2017, parties attended Astana talks in Kazakhstan. These talks, convened by the three guarantors: Russia, Turkey and Iran, resulted in an agreement to create four "de-escalation zones" in Syria.
For all the key dates of the Syrian peace process, click here.
Over 250,000 people have been killed and over one million injured since the onset of the crisis in 2011. More than half of all Syrians have been forced to leave their homes, often multiple times, making Syria the largest displacement crisis globally. Human rights violations and abuses continue to occur in the context of widespread insecurity and in disregard of international law, international humanitarian law, and human rights law. The UN is working with partners to provide humanitarian assistance to those in need.
On 21 December 2016, the UN General Assembly established the IIIM "to collect, consolidate, preserve and analyse evidence of violations of international humanitarian law and human rights violations and abuses and to prepare files in order to facilitate and expedite fair and independent criminal proceedings ... in national, regional or international courts or tribunals that have or may in the future have jurisdiction over these crimes".