As quakes wreak havoc for second year, UN urges seismic threats be taken seriously
The new statistics published by the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) and the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) show that 20,943 people lost their lives in earthquakes last year out of a total of 29,782 people directly killed by 302 disasters.
The earthquake fatalities included 19,846 who died in Japan in March while the remainder were largely accounted for by the October earthquake in Turkey, according to a news release issued by the Geneva-based UNISDR.
UNISDR chief Margareta Wahlström said that the many major cities located in seismic zones need to take seriously the probability of return events even if many years have passed since the last seismic event of major magnitude.
“In 2010 we saw this phenomenon as well when over 220,000 people died in Haiti, which had not been hit by an earthquake of such strength for almost 200 years,” she noted.
“Unless we prepare for the worst then many earthquake-prone urban areas around the world are destined to see even greater loss of life in the future as more and more people move to cities.”
In 2011 major disasters in terms of human impact and economic losses occurred in high and middle-income countries, according to the new figures. These included the Brazil floods (January), the Japan earthquake/tsunami (March), Hurricane Irene in the United States (August/September), floods in Thailand (August to December), the earthquake in Turkey (October), and the storm Sendong (Washi) in the Philippines (December).
Brazil’s floods were the deadliest in the country’s history, claiming 900 lives, while those in Thailand constituted the country’s most expensive natural catastrophe, costing $40 billion.
“It was notable last year that many of the disasters were in high- and middle-income countries which have the resources for better disaster prevention,” noted Professor Debby Guha-Sapir, Director of CRED at the University of Louvain, Belgium.
CRED estimates the economic losses from disasters in 2011 at $366 billion compared to $243 billion in the last record year of 2005.
Other major causes of disaster deaths last year were floods, which claimed over 5,000 lives, and storms, which claimed over 3,000. Extreme temperatures claimed 231 lives compared to the annual 10-year average of 14,731 between 2001 and 2010.
Overall, 206 million people were affected by a total of 302 recorded disaster events last year, the new figures show. Some 106 million people were hit by floods while 60 million were affected by drought, mainly in China and in the Horn of Africa, and storms impacted on 34 million people.
More than 45 per cent of the disasters that occurred in 2011 took place in Asia. Over 85 per cent of those killed and those affected globally and 75 per cent of economic damages were also in Asia.
Meanwhile, Europe experienced very few disasters and impacts in 2011 with the lowest numbers killed, numbers affected and economic damages since 1990.