Yemen

Giles Clarke/OCHA
Yemen is the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. As the conflict enters its fourth year, more than 22 million people – three-quarters of the population – need humanitarian aid and protection.

Secretary-General António Guterres in remarks to donor conference in Geneva on 3 April '18

Overview

Since the uprisings in Yemen broke out in early 2011, the United Nations has been engaged, through the good offices of the Secretary-General, in helping Yemenis to find a peaceful solution.

Yemen in Numbers

Yemen: Profile of the Crisis as of March 2018

 

The humanitarian crisis in Yemen in the worst in the world. The impact on the population is devastating.

Poverty

  • 79% of the population is poor compared to 49% in 2017
  • GDP per capita has declined 61% in the last three years

People in Need

  • 75% of the population, 22 million people, need some form of humanitarian assistance and protection

Food Security

  • 60% of the population, 18 million people, are food insecure
  • 8.4 million people do not know how they will obtain their next meal

Health

  • Less than 50% of health facilities are functioning
  • 18% of districts have no doctors
  • 56% of the population, 16 million people, do not have regular access to basic health care

Water and sanitation

  • 55% of the population, 16 million people, do not have regular access to safe water and basic hygiene
  • 73% of the population does not have access to piped drinking water

Nutrition

  • 25% of population, 7.5 million people, need nutrition support and 50% of all children are stunted
  • 2.9 million children and women are acutely malnourished; the number of children suffering from severe acute malnutrition has increased 90% in the last three years

Education

  • 48% of women are illiterate
  • 25% of children are out of school
  • 11% of schools are destroyed or used for other purposes

Gender

  • 72% of girls are married before the age of 18
  • 44% of marriages in hard-hit districts involve girls under the age of 15
  • Less than 50% of births are attended by skilled health personnel

Displacement

  • Two million people are displaced, 76% are women and children
  • One million people have returned to their home areas

Economy

  • 1.25 million civil servants are not receiving salaries
  • Basic food prices have increased 98% and fuel 110% in the last three years
  • In hard-hit areas unemployment rates are as high as 50%

 

 

Political Negotiations

The United Nations provided support for the negotiations between the Government and the opposition, which resulted in the signing of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism in Riyadh on 23 November 2011. The United Nations has since remained actively engaged with all Yemeni political groupings to facilitate and provide support for the effective implementation of the GCC Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres appointed Martin Griffiths of the United Kingdom as his Special Envoy for Yemen in February 2018, replacing Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed.

Humanitarian Crisis

UNICEF

After more than three years of escalating conflict, Yemeni people continue to bear the brunt of ongoing hostilities and severe economic decline. An alarming 22.2 million people in Yemen need some kind of humanitarian or protection assistance, an estimated 17.8 million are food insecure, 8.4 million people are severely food insecure and at risk of starvation, 16 million lack access to safe water and sanitation, and 16.4 million lack access to adequate healthcare. Needs across the country have increased steadily, with 11.3 million who are in acute need, an increase of more than one million people in acute need of humanitarian assistance to survive.

Find out 11 facts about the Yemen crisis by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). 

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