Yemen has been facing a protracted political, humanitarian and developmental crisis since uprisings broke out in 2011. With 80 per cent of the population, or 24.1 million people, in need of humanitarian aid and protection, it is now the largest humanitarian crisis in the world.
On 1 March 2021, the United Nations and the Governments of Sweden and Switzerland convened a virtual High-Level Pledging Event to contribute to the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan, Country-Based Pooled Fund and the Central Emergency Response Fund for 2021 and beyond.
Despite that millions of Yemenis desperately need more aid to survive, Secretary-General António Guterres described the outcome as “disappointing” as it not only fell short of the $3.85 billion appealed for, but also totalled less than last year’s humanitarian response, and a billion dollars less than the funds raised in 2019.
The United Nations provided support for the negotiations between the Government and the opposition, which resulted in the signing of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism in Riyadh on 23 November 2011. The United Nations has since remained actively engaged with all Yemeni political groupings to facilitate and provide support for the effective implementation of the GCC Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism.
After more than six years of escalating conflict, The humanitarian crisis in Yemen remains the worst in the world. Assessments conﬁrm that more than 16 million people will go hungry this year, and nearly 50,000 are already living in famine-like conditions. At the same time, Yemen continues to grapple with the effects of cholera, COVID-19, forced displacement, protection risks and other serious challenges.
And as of 31 July, 7,131 COVID-19 cases had been officially confirmed, with 1,384 associated deaths and a 19.4 per cent case fatality rate. All of the cases were reported are from the southern governorates, as the pandemic is not recognized in the north.