Two senior United Nations officials today underscored that the centrality of women to the Colombian peace process, as shown by the 'historic commitment' by the Government and Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People's Army (FARC-EP) at the Havana Peace Talks Table, must be reinforced in the final agreement and, more importantly, during the implementation phase.
On 24 July, the two sides committed to ensure that one of the agreement's fundamental objectives will be to promote gender equality and the empowerment of women. Since 2012, the FARC and the Colombian Government have been in talks hosted in Havana, seeking to end a 51-year conflict. Throughout the discussions, negotiators have reached agreement on key issues such as political participation, land rights, illicit drugs and victims' rights and transitional justice.
“This is a moment of great hope,” said Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Executive Director of the UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), and Zainab Hawa Bangura, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, in a joint statement.
“It renews our confidence in diplomacy, and strengthens our belief that other long-standing conflicts, no matter how complex and protracted, can follow Colombia's example and 'sign up' for peace,” they added.
They hailed the work of the Havana Peace Talks Table and its Gender sub-Commission, a unique mechanism in the history of conflict resolution and composed of representatives of the Government and the FARC, which has brought women's voices into the peace process.
The gender provisions of the agreement ensure that women's participation and empowerment are key to main aspects like rural development, political participation and eradication of illicit drugs. The Gender sub-Commission has also addressed the rights of women victims of the conflict to truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-repetition, as well as their rights in provisions for the end of the conflict.
Highlighting, in particular, the plight of the victims of sexual violence, Ms. Mlambo-Ngcuka and Ms. Bangura said: “In Colombia, the silence around sexual violence in the conflict has been broken, with a firm commitment to afford survivors the justice and support that they deserve.”
They added that they looked forward to the institutionalization of the Gender sub-Commission in post-conflict arrangements, as a guarantor for implementation of the commitments that have been made.
“This peace process represents an historic opportunity to transform the status of women in Colombian society through fundamental structural change,” they said while stressing that, “We must now ensure that women are included in all aspects of decision-making, with specific provisions for gender balance, and in power-sharing arrangements.”
Noting that the peace process had already reduced the humanitarian impact of the armed conflict,
they said that the dividends of the peace negotiations will help to build crucial momentum for the vote through which the Colombian people will decide on the agreement's ratification.
“For transformational change, and for peace to take root, it will be essential to secure the broad participation of women and men, and of all civil society,” they concluded, reaffirming their commitment to continue stand with and support Colombia and its people on their journey toward lasting peace.