The United Nations rights office called today on the Government of Kyrgyzstan to ensure that the freedoms of expression and association are protected in line with international human rights standards as the country’s Parliament prepared to hear the first reading of draft law that could negatively affect the work of civil society organizations there.
“We urge a review of this draft law to ensure that it does not restrict the important work of civil society organizations in the country,” said Rupert Colville, the spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
The draft law requires non-commercial organizations established in the Kyrgyz Republic, involved in “political activities” and receiving funding from foreign sources, to register as “foreign agents.”
The UN Human Rights Office (OHCHR) says the law fails to adequately define the term “political activities,” referring only to “activities aimed at influencing the decisions of public authorities in order to change their policy, as well as activities aimed at influencing the public opinion for the above-mentioned purposes.”
“This vague wording may put at risk numerous organizations working to deliver services or conduct human rights advocacy,” said Mr. Colville.
It also requires that materials published by civil society organizations through the media and the Internet must note that they were published or distributed by a non-commercial organisation acting as a “foreign agent.”
“The term "foreign agent" carries extremely negative connotations and could lead to stigmatization, mistrust and hostility towards activists, human rights defenders and civil society organizations,” he said.
The statement explained that the draft law would give the Ministry of Justice powers to conduct inspections of organizations, and to request and check internal documents. The Ministry would have the power to send representatives to participate in internal activities and to determine whether or not the organization complies with the goals of its creation.
In cases where an organization fails to file an application for inclusion in the register of non-commercial organisations acting as a “foreign agent,” the Ministry would have the authority to suspend their activities for up to six months without waiting for a court decision.
“If adopted, these new oversight powers would contradict the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Kyrgyzstan is a party,” said the statement.
The draft law also provides for criminal liability and imprisonment of up to three years for establishing a non-commercial organisation whose work aims to “incite citizens to refuse to fulfil their civic duties or commit other unlawful acts.”
“This may lead to the criminalization of the work of human rights defenders,” it warned. “The terms ‘inciting’ and ‘propaganda acts’ are ill-defined and broad, and may give rise to subjective interpretation.”