As the United Nations and other organizations scale up the massive relief operation under way in the typhoon-battered Philippines, the UN humanitarian chief is meeting today with survivors in the hard-hit city of Tacloban, a day after launching a $301 million flash appeal for lifesaving aid.
UN Emergency Relief Coordinator Valerie Amos has been in the region since category 5 Typhoon Haiyan made landfall over the weekend, surveying the damage and meeting with aid workers battling heavy rains, blocked roads and damaged airstrips and seaports to reach millions across the region desperate for food, water and other basic necessities.
Offering a sobering snapshot of the situation on the ground, Bernard Kerblat, UN refugee agency (UNHCR) representative in the Philippines told UN Radio the because at least eight regions are logistically cut-off, information is trickling in “piecemeal” and hampering aid. “I’m afraid that even if it’s day five of the crisis and even if everyone is working around the clock, we still don’t know the full extent of the picture,” he said.
Noting that Ms. Amos was able to reach Tacloban by military helicopter today, he said the senior UN official was able to “observe first-hand the incredible level of destruction, incredible level of despair among this population.”
“As I speak to you, dead bodies are rotting on the side of the street, and that is Tacloban,” said Mr. Kerblat.
At least 9.4 million people have been affected, according to figures he cited, with more than 600,000 people displaced, the majority of them in evacuation centres.
“Tonight, as I’m speaking to you, people are starving, people are scavenging in the ruins,” Mr. Kerblat said. “People are looking for their missing ones. People are, with incredible ingenuity, attaching plastic bags to collect rain water. There is no electricity. There is a little bit of telephone just in the surroundings of what is left of the city hall in this lunar landscape of destruction.”
The challenge, he noted, for the UN, the Government, and partner organizations “is how to reach, resupply on the multiple fronts so many populations who are in dire need.”
There is good news, however with more planes landing, more help on the way, “it is a beginning of an airlift, it is the beginning of a resupply, it is the beginning of mounting a logistics pipeline.”
With much of the telecommunications infrastructure also destroyed, the UN International Telecommunication Union (ITU) deployed dozens of satellite phones equipped with GPS to facilitate search and rescue efforts, along with other equipment to help families re-establish contact.
“Our aim is to ensure that the national and international humanitarian community has reliable access to telecommunications to enable them to serve affected people and save lives,” said Brahima Sanou, Director of the Telecommunication Development Bureau at ITU.
The equipment can be charged by car batteries and is also supplied with solar panels to enable operation during power outages, the UN agency highlighted. ITU experts are also on the ground, working with authorities to train first responders on how to use the equipment.
Meanwhile, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) today appealed for $34 million to aid the four million children affected by the typhoon over the next six months. The UN agency is particularly concerned about the 100,000 children under the age of five and the 60,000 pregnant or nursing women displaced by the typhoon.
Water, sanitation and hygiene services have been almost completely wiped out, with pipelines flooded and lack of electricity making water pumping and treatment impossible.
“With every day that goes by, thousands of children are becoming weaker, and more vulnerable to disease,” said Tomoo Hozumi, UNICEF Representative in the Philippines.
“The collapse of water and sanitation systems, destructions of homes and schools all are putting children at huge risk and in need of urgent help.”