Ahead of World Refugee Day, marked annually on 20 June, UN Secretary-General António Guterres on Saturday visited refugees from Iraq and Afghanistan now living, working and adding to the vibrancy of New York City - home to UN Headquarters.
“Like millions of refugees worldwide, they are helping bring new life, prosperity and rich diversity to their host communities. We must continue supporting them,” the UN chief said on Twitter following the visit.
Ahead of #WorldRefugeeDay, I visited refugees from Iraq & Afghanistan currently living in New York.— António Guterres (@antonioguterres) June 18, 2022
Like millions of refugees worldwide, they are helping bring new life, prosperity & rich diversity to their host communities. We must continue supporting them. pic.twitter.com/Zew5oV8RP6
Mr. Guterres, who was the UN High Commissioner for Refugees from 2005 to 2015, stressed the vital role of developed nations in receiving refugees and providing them with opportunities, whoever they are, wherever they come from, and whenever they are forced to flee, echoing his official message for World Refugee Day, marked on Monday.
Living ‘in limbo’
Mr. Guterres’ first stop was in Brooklyn, where he visited Suzan Al Shammari, an Iraqi refugee who in 2010 fled with her family from Baghdad to Cairo, Egypt.
Registered with the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, they were later able to resettle in California and from there, with further assistance, they made their way to New York.
Ms. Al Shammari told the Secretary-General that having grown up in war, she wants to be able to support other refugees. In that spirit, she is currently a caseworker with a non-governmental organization (NGO) – having recently graduating with a university master’s degree.
“Every day you think it is going to be the last. And it is not just one of those things... it literally could be your last. When I went to Egypt with my family it was also hard being there as a refugee in limbo. So, moving to the US, as big a blessing as it was, it took me some years to adjust that ‘I am not going to die tomorrow’,” Ms. Al Shammari said.
Resettling provides the opportunity of a “second chance” for those forced to flee, said Ms. Al Shammari.
“Bringing refugees in is a life-saving measure and it is something that each leader, each country, should contribute to and be accountable for,” she said.
Having been afforded the opportunity of a good education, a safe new home and fluency in her host country’s language, the Iraqi refugee acknowledged that she was “one of the lucky ones”.
“I can tell from my personal experience… it is not easy to come to a country you don’t know, to a language you don’t speak. Both my parents were engineers back in Iraq and [now] they cannot work with their degrees,” Ms. Al Shammari explained.
She believed that it would help “if businesses took more initiative, hired refugees, and created more opportunities for immigrants”.
Every day you think it is going to be the last – resettled Iraqi refugee
“You see, some will hear their accent, hear they don’t speak good English, and say, ‘I don’t think this is going to work out’”.
Displaced in Iraq
According to the latest UN data, currently some 1.2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Iraq from among more than six million initially displaced by violence involving the ISIL terror network from 2014 to 2017.
Meanwhile, Iraq has been hosting more than 290,000 refugees from Syria and other countries – mostly in the Kurdistan region, which in early 2020, housed 25 of the country’s 26 camps.
Settled in the US
Mr. Guterres then headed to Queens to visit an Afghan refugee couple, Shafi Alif and Rohina Sofizada, who welcomed him with spiced green tea and traditional Afghan treats.
Chatting over their cups, Mr. Alif revealed that in 1992 when he was five months old, his family walked for 40 days to seek asylum in Pakistan – where they remained for over 10 years.
They registered with UNHCR, which later helped them voluntarily returned to Afghanistan in 2002. The UN agency provided financial support as they settled back in Kabul, including for transportation and a cash stipend.
The couple agreed that they had “peaceful years” in the country until 2018.
Working with the US Embassy in Kabul, Ms. Sofizada received a special visa to resettle in the US and Mr. Alif, who worked with the Polish Army in the Afghan capital, joined her later, on a special immigrant visa.
Family who stayed
Though happy they could make it to the US, they are concerned about their family in Pakistan, who again left Kabul after the Taliban took over last August.
“My family was rejected at the border two times, even having all [the necessary] visas and documents,” said Ms. Sofizada. “We are relieved to be here, but we still worry about our relatives”.
Mr. Shafi is also working to help newcomers as an NGO caseworker, where he supports arriving Afghan evacuees and parolees.
He argued that no refugees are “happy to leave their countries,” but do so under threat of violence or persecution.
He advocated for “more resettlement places” and help with basic needs – like housing – to better contribute to their new communities.
We still worry about our relatives – resettled Afghan refugee
According to UNHCR, Afghans make up one of the largest refugee populations globally.
There are 2.6 million registered Afghan refugees around the world, of whom 2.2 million are registered in Iran and Pakistan alone. And another 3.5 million are internally displaced.
More than half the Afghan population, or 24 million people, face acute food insecurity and 97 per cent are estimated to be living well below the poverty line.
Appeal to open borders
After hearing these compelling stories, Mr. Guterres appealed to developed nations do more.
He reminded them of their role in welcoming and giving refugees the chance to safely start over, away from degrading camps or poor housing conditions.
The Secretary-General recalled that when he headed UNHCR, there were twice as many resettlement opportunities available for refugees and urged more States to open their borders to asylum seekers.
Fleeing for safety
In 2021, 86 per cent of all resettlement cases submitted by UNHCR were for survivors of torture or violence and people with legal and physical protection needs.
Most were vulnerable women and girls and just over half concerned children.
According to the UN, the world reached a dramatic milestone in May, 10 weeks after Russia invaded Ukraine.
“Together with the women, children, and men fleeing conflict elsewhere in the world, the total number of forcibly displaced people has reached 100 million – a grim indictment of our times,” the UN chief said in his message commemorating World Refugee Day.
“The global refugee population is at a record high,” he continued, noting that the Ukraine war has triggered “the largest and fastest displacement in Europe since World War II”.
Right to safety
The top UN official urged everyone to reflect on the “courage and resilience of those fleeing war, violence, and persecution” while recognizing “the compassion of those who welcome them”.
He upheld that the day affirms a basic tenet of our common humanity: “Everyone has the right to seek safety – whoever they are, wherever they come from, and whenever they are forced to flee”.
According to international law, the right to seek asylum is a fundamental human right.
“People escaping violence or persecution must be able to cross borders safely… not face discrimination…be unfairly denied refugee status or asylum due to their race, religion, gender, or country of origin…[or] be forced to return if their lives or freedom would be at risk,” stressed the UN chief.
People escaping violence or persecution must be able to cross borders safely – UN chief
“And like every human being, they should be treated with respect”.
But safety is just the first step. When resettled, refugees must be given opportunities to heal, learn, work, thrive, return home if they choose, or rebuild their lives elsewhere, in safety and dignity, Mr. Guterres said.
“Across the world, refugees have brought new life, prosperity, and rich cultural diversity to their host communities” and their protection is “a responsibility we all share”.
He encouraged everyone to pledge to do more for both refugees and the countries that host them.
“Let us stand together in solidarity… defend the integrity of the international protection regime..and let us never lose sight of our common humanity,” concluded the Secretary-General.