The Nigerian Government must establish a credible, independent inquiry into the recent killing of at least 12 peaceful protestors by soldiers, a group of independent UN human rights experts said on Tuesday, as demonstrations against a discredited police unit continue across the country.
While excessive use of force during peaceful protests is always unacceptable, the 20 October shootings at Lekki toll plaza in Lagos were “especially disturbing because demonstrators were precisely calling for accountability for previous police brutality”, the experts said.
🇳🇬 #Nigeria must set up a credible, independent inquiry into the recent illegal killings of at least 12 peaceful protestors by soldiers – UN experts: “Governments come and go, but #PoliceBrutality is as intractable as ever. Nigerians need justice."— UN Special Procedures (@UN_SPExperts) November 3, 2020
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The fact that CCTV cameras and lights were apparently switched off shortly before soldiers opened fire indicates “a disturbing level of premeditation”, they added.
‘Nigerians need justice’
“Since 2005, UN Special Rapporteurs have repeatedly raised the issue of police killings and impunity with the Nigerian government”, the eight experts said. “We have had 15 years of government promises, but nothing has changed.
“Governments come and go, but police brutality is as intractable as ever. Nigerians need justice.”
Investigate police brutality
Thousands of Nigerians have taken to the streets since early October to protest against violations reportedly committed by a notorious police unit known as the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS).
Hundreds have been injured and an unknown number killed in the demonstrations, according to the UN expert, while security services have allegedly arrested and beaten protestors, and armed individuals have attacked others.
“What is particularly disturbing is that the authorities said they had disbanded the SARS and agreed to the protestors other demands, including investigations”, the rights experts stated. “But they immediately announced the formation of another similar unit and have not ended the excessive use of force.”
Clarify who gave orders
The UN experts underscored that systematic police brutality and excessive use of force against peaceful protestors must be independently and impartially investigated. Perpetrators also should be brought to justice.
In addition to setting up an independent inquiry, the Nigerian authorities must clarify why the military was deployed and who gave the order, they said.
“Any investigation must aim to identify lines of responsibility, deliver accountability and justice, provide remedies and reparations, and recommend structural and systemic changes,” they said.
Release findings of earlier reports
The eight experts, who were appointed by the UN Human Rights Council, are not UN staff, nor are they paid by the Organization.
They called on the Nigerian Government to release the reports of previous investigations.
“The authorities have promised for years to address human rights violations by the security forces,” they said.
“Hundreds of victims and relatives of those who died have testified and sent petitions, but they never received any remedy, not even the acknowledgement that their rights were violated. It is crucial that the government releases all these reports to the public before they start new investigations.”