Political solution ‘long overdue’ to protect the children of eastern Ukraine

2 December 2019

Nearly half a million children in eastern Ukraine continue to face “grave risks” to their physical health and psychological well-being, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) said on Monday.

Eastern Ukraine has become one of the most mine-contaminated places on earth, despite recent developments aimed to protect the rights of girls and boys affected by more than five-year-long conflict.

In late February 2014, a political crisis in Ukraine turned to violent confrontation as Russia annexed Crimea and a full-scale conflict between Government forces and separatists in the country’s east broke out.

According to Afshan Khan, UNICEF’s Regional Director for Europe and Central Asia, it is “unconscionable” that children there continue to “go to schools with bullet holes and bomb shelters and live in neighbourhoods that are intermittently shelled and littered with landmines”.

After recently meeting children and families in the region bordering Russia, she spelled out that “a political solution is long overdue”.

“We call on all parties to the conflict to end the fighting in eastern Ukraine”, Ms. Khan underscored.

Five years of ‘constant danger’

While the UNICEF envoy acknowledged that the Government’s recent endorsement of the Safe Schools Declaration is a positive step to protect education from attack and reduce the use of schools by military forces, she emphasized that more than five years of conflict have been devastating for children on either side of the contact line.

“The children I met in eastern Ukraine have hopes and dreams like all children but have suffered tremendously after five years of living in constant danger,” said Ms. Khan.

UNICEF and partners stand ready to support measures to further protect children and ensure the full implementation of the Safe Schools Declaration”, she added.

Across eastern Ukraine, UNICEF and partners provide psychosocial support and mine risk education to hundreds of thousands of children, youth and caregivers. UNICEF also supports repairs to damaged schools and kindergartens and vital water and sanitation facilities. 

And yet, in 2019, only 37 per cent of UNICEF’s emergency appeal to support children and their families in the region was funded.

Water, sanitation and hygiene activities including water trucking, provision of water treatment chemicals and providing uninterrupted access to safe water had an even larger funding gap of 80 per cent.

Deadly consequences of conflict in Ukraine

  • 172 children have been injured or killed due to mines or other explosive remnants of war (ERW).
  • 36 attacks on schools were reported this year alone, including one school hit 15 times.
  • Over 750 educational facilities have either been damaged or destroyed since the conflict began.
  • Vital water and sanitation infrastructure have come under attack 80 times this year and more than 300 times over the last three years.
  • 430,000 children live with psychological wounds and need ongoing emotional trauma support.
  • 2 million children, women and men are at risk of death and injury from landmines and other ERW.

 

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