There are “multiple barriers” including “systemic discrimination” bias and lack of training, which are keeping the largest generation of girls in human history from reaching their full potential, said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in a statement on Thursday, marking International Day of the Girl Child.
Noting that “far too often, girls are not given the space and opportunities they need to achieve their full potential,” he said that today, 600 million adolescent girls are preparing to enter a workforce, “transformed by innovation and automation”, in which female college graduates and workers are outnumbered.
Women make up less than 30 percent of graduates in information and technology and occupy less than 30 percent of research and development jobs globally.
Let us recommit to supporting every girl to develop her skills, enter the workforce on equal terms and reach her full potential - UN chief Guterres
“Negative gender stereotypes related to girls’ education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics begin as early as primary school, and have the devastating effect of making them doubt their own potential.”
He underscored the importance of equipping youth with skills transferable for lifelong success, noting that abilities such as critical thinking, creativity, and digital awareness will shine through in a changing workforce.
Highlighting the value of a support system, he said that having role models in fields where the presence of women is sparse, is key, and referenced the recent launch of Youth2030 in September 2018, a strategy aimed at understanding youth needs, and supporting them in materializing their ideas.
The Secretary-General added, “let us recommit to supporting every girl to develop her skills, enter the workforce on equal terms and reach her full potential.”
“Child marriage and adolescent pregnancy force millions of girls to drop out of school. Harmful laws and social norms curtail girls’ knowledge of and autonomy over their own bodies,” she said, adding that “entrenched gender discrimination can lay the foundation for a lifetime of missed opportunities.”
Let’s invest in their health and education, their skills and their leadership, and then let’s get out of their way and let them lead - UNFPA's Natalia Kanem
She that to allow girls to compete fairly, “countries need to ensure each young person entering the labour market has the skills and knowledge needed to help businesses thrive and nations prosper. That means investing now in a skilled girl force that can become a new force for innovation and leadership.”
She said millions of adolescent girls were “waiting to claim their power and fulfil their potential. Let’s help them exercise their rights and realize their aspirations. Let’s invest in their health and education, their skills and their leadership, and then let’s get out of their way and let them lead!”
Celebrate 'strength and potential' of 1.1 billion girls: UN Women chief
The Executive Director of UN Women, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, added that during this critical time for girls, men and women alike must “listen hard and speak louder,” when it comes to protection girls and championing their rights.
“We see over and over again how hard it is as an individual to raise your voice in defence of rights,” she said, “and how easily authority figures can discount, trivialize or silence it.”
She underscored the importance of solidarity in resisting and countering silence in the face of sexual abuse, recounting the marches of protest and online movements such as #MeeToo, which that have thrown the spotlight on inequality in recent months.
“We celebrate the strength and the potential of the 1.1 billion girls in today’s world who are challenging the status quo, raising their voices against violence, innovating technology to solve global challenges, standing up for the environment, and preparing to lead”, said the head of the UN’s gender-equality agency.
Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of the UN Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO, said that “girls’ education must be one of our priorities, because to a great extent the peace and prosperity of our world depend upon it.”
“A collective consciousness is rising to ensure that the right to quality education for all girls becomes a reality”, she added.