The Central African Republic (CAR) has spiralled into violence and remains one of the worst countries in the world to be a child and “right now there are few eyes looking at them and few hands trying to help,” the United Nations children's agency said today.
“The past year, and especially the last quarter, has seen a dramatic increase in violence,” Donaig Le Du, spokesperson for the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), told reporters at the regular press briefing in Geneva.
“There are now an estimated 600,000 internally displaced people, up from 440,000 at the end of April – a big increase in the past 2-3 months,” she continued, pointing out that 600,000 was the April 2014 count, right after the peak of the crisis.
“And there are still 480,000 CAR refugees in neighbouring countries. So out of an estimated population of a little over five million, one in five is either a refugee or displaced, half of them children,” Ms. Le Du added.
UNICEF noted that as the country spirals into violence, Bangui, the capital, is quiet.
“The roads are bad, and with the rainy season and insecurity, it becomes nearly impossible to travel. There is limited cell phone coverage,” the spokesperson explained.
She gave the example of six Red Cross volunteers whose deaths were not reported until after took two weeks after they were killed in Gambo earlier this month.
Two-thirds of the country is controlled by armed groups
Beyond Bangui, two-thirds of the country is controlled by armed groups.
“In the cities and villages that were recently affected by violence, that means that schools are closed. That teachers don't dare to go to schools. Several NGOs [non-governmental organizations] have retreated, which means no health care. Supplies are looted – at one health centre, solar panels were stolen from solar fridges for example, which means no immunizations,” Ms. Le Du elaborated.
Horrendous reports on children's rights violations have surfaced over the past months and weeks.
“Precise numbers are impossible to know but we know for a fact that children have been killed; there have been incidents of sexual violence, and that recruitment into armed groups is happening. But there are less direct violations with lasting consequences – having to flee or take refuge in the bush; having no education or health care, she said.
One specificity of the CAR conflict shows little fighting between armed groups, which instead attack civilians on the other side and increasingly target the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission (MINUSCA) and humanitarian actors.
An open letter to the UN Secretary-General from major international NGOs identifies the CAR as the most dangerous country in the world to deliver humanitarian assistance – with the world's highest level of violence against humanitarian workers, accounting for one-third of all incidents targeting aid workers.
The CAR is also the world's least developed country, placing 188th out of the 188 countries on the Human Development Index.
“But the world cannot abandon CAR's children – and right now there are few eyes looking at them and few hands trying to help,” Ms. Le Du concluded.
As of end-July, UNICEF's $46.3 million humanitarian appeal for CAR children was 42 per cent funded. Having been revised up to $52.8 million, it now has a 63 per cent funding gap.