Citing attacks against aid workers in Syria, the removal of live-saving supplies from convoys and bureaucratic impediments restricting access, the United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator has called for ensuring immediate and safe humanitarian access to save lives that are dependent on assistance.
Briefing the Security Council today, Stephen O’Brien, the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, also underlined the need for a sustained reduction in fighting to ease the burden on civilians and create an environment conducive for assistance.
“Now is the time. Any delay will mean further death. The clock is ticking,” he warned.
The Syrian conflict, now into its seventh year, has taken a terrible toll on the country’s population: hundreds of thousands have been killed, more than 13.5 million left in need of humanitarian assistance, about 6.3 million displaced within the country, and some 5.1 million forced to flee as refugees outside its borders.
The situation is particularly dire in Raqqa, where the Syrian Democratic Forces, supported by coalition forces, launched an offensive to take the city from the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh), and in the last days fully encircled it.
According to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), at least 173 people have been reportedly killed in air and ground strikes. Although about 25,000 have reportedly fled the city since the latest phase of operations, as many as 100,000 civilians could still be trapped there, said Mr. O’Brien.
Multitude of challenges for aid workers
On relief operations in Syria, Mr. O’Brien said that the work of humanitarians remains extremely difficult and bureaucratic restrictions on top of attacks and removal of relief supplies has made their operating space incredibly complex and complicated.
Bureaucratic restrictions, he said, delay convoys and often force them to abort their missions or turn around, leaving relief workers vulnerable to attacks.
In one such incident, a driver of a truck was hit by sniper fire from unknown gunmen after his convoy had to turn back to avoid travelling at night. The convoy had been stopped for several hours at a Government checkpoint. A bullet also grazed a second driver.
Those who deliberately direct attacks against humanitarian workers are committing war crimesStephen O’Brien, Emergency Relief Coordinator
The injured driver survived and is in stable condition, said Mr. O’Brien.
“I condemn such acts in the strongest terms, and call for accountability for those responsible,” he stressed. “Those who deliberately direct attacks against humanitarian workers are committing war crimes.”
Over half a million trapped in besieged locations across Syria
Turning to the besieged locations across the country, the Emergency Relief Coordinator informed the Council that the town of Madaya (in rural Damascus) and the Al-Wa’er district in Homs are being removed from the “besieged” list following improvement in access, reducing the number of besieged places to 11.
However, over half a million people still remain at these locations, “trapped and desperate for assistance,” said Mr. O’Brien. Collectively, about 4.5 million Syrians are estimated to remain in the besieged and hard-to-reach areas across the country.
He also updated the Council of recent deployments of trucks from the UN World Food Programme (WFP) from Aleppo, through Menbij and to Qamishly in Hassakeh governorate, allowing delivery of aid at scale to north-east Syria, where people had been short of supplies since the closure of a cross-border access point with Turkey in December 2015.
“This is particularly important with growing needs in the north-east Syria due to anti-ISIL operations in the area,” said Mr. O’Brien.
This route is also much cheaper than relief air drops from Damascus, resulting in savings that are equivalent to providing food aid for 100,000 people for one year.
Savings by moving the mode of delivery from air to land are equivalent to providing food aid for 100,000 people for one yearStephen O’Brien, Emergency Relief Coordinator
Mr. O’Brien said that he looked forward to next week’s meeting in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan, on de-escalation and hopes that it would bring a sustained reduction of fighting, and along with that improved and unhindered humanitarian access.
“I repeat my call for this Council to act now to protect civilians,” he urged, while also calling on the parties to the conflict and those with influence over them to prioritize protection of civilians. “These are legal obligations under the laws of war, and they cannot be bent, broken or avoided.”
Humanitarians have persisted at great costs – UN regional relief official
Also on Syria, Kevin Kennedy, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Syria Crisis, told journalists in New York of the scale of the suffering in the war-torn country.
Perhaps the most egregious feature of the conflict, he said, was the persistent bombing of hospitals and medical facilities.
If you are a doctor or nurse […] you work in a building with a big bullseye [target mark] on its roofKevin Kennedy, regional relief coordinator
In the first six months of this year, at least 96 such bombings have been reported, of which 60 have been confirmed by the UN. Fifteen doctors and nurses have lost their lives and dozens more have been injured.
“If you are a doctor or nurse – working particularly in opposition-held area – and go to work in a hospital or clinic, then you work in a building with a big bullseye [target mark] on its roof,” said Mr. Kennedy, who is finishing up his assignment.
Praising the efforts of UN, international and national non-governmental humanitarian workers, he said that they have stood their ground.
“[They] have stayed there despite being bombed, shot at, mortars landing around them on a weekly basis […] and despite suffering casualties […] and carried on at a great sacrifice,” he stated.