Security Council calls for thorough investigation into alleged mass rape in North Darfur
In a press statement, the Council called on the Sudanese Government to fulfil its obligation to allow, in accordance with its agreement with the UN and the African Union (AU) concerning the status of the AU-UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) and relevant Council resolutions, the “full and unrestricted freedom of movement without delay throughout Darfur to UNAMID, so as to enable them to conduct a full and transparent investigation, without interference, and verify whether these incidents have occurred.”
Further to the statement, the Council called on Khartoum to ensure accountability, if the allegations are verified.
The Council noted that proper access to Tabit and its population for UNAMID is “essential to conducting a full investigation into the allegations in order to determine their veracity and, if verified, to ensure accountability.”
On Monday, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said he was “deeply troubled” by the persistent allegations, and urged Government officials to grant unfettered access to the town so that investigators can verify the reports.
UN spokesperson Farhan Haq subsequently announced that UNAMID had again asked for access to Tabit and will deploy a team immediately, once such access has been granted.
UNAMID first visited Tabit, which is located 45 kilometres south-west of El Fasher, in North Darfur, on 9 November, after declaring that it would conduct an investigation into the veracity of the claims. However, the heavy presence of military and police in Tabit made a conclusive investigation difficult.
On 7 November, the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Zainab Hawa Bangura, also expressed concern about the allegations and called on the Government of Sudan to allow immediate and unhindered access for an investigation.
Tensions have been simmering across Darfur throughout the past few months. In October, an attack on UNAMID peacekeepers by armed militants claimed the lives of three peacekeepers.
The UN estimates that some 385,000 people have been displaced by the conflict between the Government of Sudan and armed movements in Darfur since the start of 2014. The world body has repeatedly called on all sides to join negotiations aimed at achieving a permanent ceasefire and comprehensive peace for the people of Darfur, which has witnessed fighting since 2003.
UNAMID, formally established in 2007, has been mandated to protect civilians, support humanitarian assistance, monitor and verify implementation of agreements, contribute to the promotion of human rights and the rule of law, and assist in the political reconciliation following the 2003 civil war between the Government of Sudan and militias and other armed rebel groups.