The United Nations keeps the peace in some of the world’s most violent places, and increasingly its peacekeepers are from Member States that are first-time contributors to UN peacekeeping operations with military personnel or civilian staff.
“The largest ones are India, Bangladesh, Pakistan; what we call traditional [contributors],” said UN Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Edmond Mulet, in an interview with UN Radio.
As of the end of April, UN peacekeeping missions are comprised of 97,729 police, UN military experts on mission and troops from 122 countries. Of those, 8,034 were Bangladesh citizens, 8,132 from India and 8,027 from Pakistan.
“But now there is an emergence of new troop contributing countries – countries that never participated in peacekeeping,” Mr. Mulet said.
Just a few days ago, he said, Vietnam deployed its two first military observers to the UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), and Hanoi is preparing demining units and medical units for deployment, as well.
Further, Albania, Mozambique, Papua New Guinea and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia each had one person represented in that mission.
Meanwhile, countries like Mongolia, who last year had 936 citizens in UN peacekeeping operations, or Cambodia, with 649 people, “have been providing troops for the past two years in Latin America in Africa,” he said.
“So there is a multiplicity and diversification of countries that are willing and are prepared now to contribute to peacekeeping.”
There is now also a trend of NATO-member countries that are based in transitioning countries, such as in Afghanistan, to contribute to the Organization, he explained: “They have assets and they have troops and they have specialties and they are now coming to the UN to put those to good use.”
In addition, some countries contribute monetary support to peacekeeping operation for the upkeep of the 16 peacekeeping plus the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA). The approved resources for the period from 1 July 2013 to 30 June 2014 equaled about $7.83 billion.
“I think this is a partnership,” Mr. Mulet said. “Some countries have the financial means of supporting the budget of peacekeeping, and some other countries provide troops or police or civilian staff, so countries provide what they have and what they can.”