The head of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) today voiced deep concern over the destruction caused by fires that have been raging around Valparaíso and pledged to help safeguard the Chilean city’s historic sites.
The fires that began over the weekend have reportedly killed 13 people, consumed 2,150 acres and burned 2,000 homes across the coastal city.
Irina Bokova, UNESCO’s Director-General, expressed her condolences to the people of Chile over the tragic loss of lives in Valparaíso, and promised the agency’s support in protecting the city’s Historic Quarter, which is inscribed on the World Heritage List.
“UNESCO stands ready to help Chile mitigate the potential impact of the fires and conduct restoration activities on the Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso,” she said in a news release.
“We are determined to do all in our power to preserve this beautiful and vibrant site which hearkens back to an important period in the history of Chile and its cultural and economic development in the 19th century.”
Ms. Bokova also promised continued support from UNESCO for the Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works, a World Heritage site 45 kilometres east of the city of Iquique, which was hit by a powerful earthquake and tsunami earlier this month.
UNESCO’s Office in the capital, Santiago, has been working closely with the Chilean authorities in monitoring the situation in Valparaíso. Located on central Chile’s Pacific coast, the Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso represents an extraordinary example of industrial-age heritage associated with the international sea trade of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Further north, the earthquake and aftershocks that have been rocking the area around Iquique could further undermine the already vulnerable structures of the Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works, inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2005 when the property was also placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The desert site bears witness to the industrial heritage and culture developed by the thousands of people who lived and worked in the region’s 200 saltpeter works. The site constitutes an exceptional testimony to technological progress and global exchanges during the industrial era and it bears witness to the distinctive communal Pampinos culture that developed in company towns in the region at that time.