Darfur: UN-African Union envoy urges combatants to accept that continued violence is a ‘dead end’
UNAMID’s Acting Joint Special Representative and Joint Chief Mediator, Aïchatou Mindaoudou, issued the call as she highlighted that fighting between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and an unnamed armed group, on 9 November, near the village of Shangil Tobaya, in North Darfur, was “part of a larger pattern of conflict in the area in recent months.”
“Ms. Mindaoudou urges all sides to cease hostilities immediately, respect international human rights and humanitarian law, and engage fully in the peaceful settlement of Darfur conflict,” UNAMID added in a news release.
In the wake of the 9 November fighting, the peacekeeping mission treated injured combatants at a nearby location before responding to a request to airlift them to El Fasher, the capital city of North Darfur state, for additional care.
The provision of medical assistance to wounded combatants is a core requirement of international humanitarian law, which falls under UNAMID’s mandate, the Mission noted.
“In the past, the Mission has provided such medical assistance to wounded combatants from both sides, with due respect to the principles of neutrality and impartiality,” UNAMID said, adding that the recent escalation in violence is a matter of “grave concern.”
Established in July 2007, UNAMID has the protection of civilians as its core mandate. In addition, the Mission is tasked with other responsibilities, such as facilitating the delivery of humanitarian aid and assisting with an inclusive peace process in Darfur, where fighting broke out nine years ago, pitting Government forces and allied militiamen against rebel groups.
Besides the 9 November fighting, reports arrived last week of an alleged attack on civilians that resulted in fatalities, an abduction of a civilian and widespread population displacement in Sigili, about 40 kilometres southeast of El Fasher. In addition, several UNAMID peacekeepers were killed and wounded amid regional violence in October.
A plan known as the Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD) provides a comprehensive roadmap for bringing an end to fighting in Darfur, and establishing a lasting peace. Finalized in May 2011 in Doha, Qatar, which has been heavily involved in mediation efforts involving the Sudanese region, the plan has been signed by the Government and one rebel group, while a second rebel group recently agreed to commit to it.