Malnutrition rates in Kenyan refugee camps lowest in years, reports UN agencies
Thanks to a series of measures taken by the UN refugee agency (UNHCR), the UN World Food Programme (http://www.wfp.org/english/?ModuleID=137&Key=2688">WFP) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), malnutrition rates in Dadaab and Kakuma refugee camps are the lowest recorded since 2000.
According to recent surveys, acute malnutrition rates among children under the age of 5 in the three refugee camps at Dadaab have dropped dramatically from 22.2 per cent last year to under 13 per cent. A similar downward trend was seen in the Kakuma camps.
Among the measures taken by the agencies to bring about this change was ensuring a regular supply of culturally acceptable foods, and the provision of energy-saving cooking stoves and soap to ensure that refugees were not compelled to sell a portion of their food to buy these basic items.
But the agencies stressed that continued support was vital if the gains were not to be quickly lost.
“Real inroads into the scourge of malnutrition are making a genuine difference to young children and their mothers,” said WFP Kenya Country Director Burkard Oberle. “It would be criminal to take our foot off the pedal now simply because we can’t afford to keep going. These people need more support, not less.”
The agencies warned that malnutrition levels remain serious, and anaemia rates among children are reaching 81.4 per cent – a slight increase on previous figures. An inter-agency initiative is addressing this through the provision of double-fortified salt in Dadaab and a pilot project supplying micronutrient-rich “sprinkles” in Kakuma.
“These problems are not going away. It is absolutely essential that we are able to maintain a high level of assistance for the refugees, who entirely depend on outside assistance,” said Eddie Gedalof, UNHCR’s Acting Representative in Kenya.
WFP has maintained full food rations in the camps in recent months, ensuring the basic 2,100 kilocalorie daily requirement per refugee and a basic, balanced diet.
Thanks to donor support, supplementary and complementary feeding has been expanded, health facilities are better staffed to fight the constant threat of malaria and other diseases and refugees have a good supply of water.
“Our experience shows that we should not celebrate such short-term success, but redouble our efforts to ensure the work continues to have such a positive impact,” said UNICEF Country Representative in Kenya Olivia Yambi.
The three UN agencies require a combined total of $18 million to continue their operations in Dadaab and Kakuma up to June 2008, assisting some 231,000 refugees, mostly Somali and Sudanese, over 40,000 of whom are children under the age of 5.