This is the News in Brief from the United Nations.
In Syria, violence continues ‘on both sides’ of border with Turkey
Amid ongoing fighting in northern Syria and disturbing reports that extrajudicial killings have been streamed online, the United Nations and their partners are continuing to deliver humanitarian supplies to tens of thousands of people displaced by the violence, UN agencies stressed on Tuesday.
Since Turkish forces began their offensive last Wednesday, at least 160,000 civilians have been displaced, with hospitals and schools and other public infrastructure hit or affected by the fighting.
In Geneva, Jens Laerke from the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said that the security situation in remained “highly volatile”, with continuing reports of airstrikes and ground attacks.
He said that the UN would “stay to deliver until it becomes absolutely impossible to do so”, using the city of Qamishli as an operations hub for the time being.
“The United Nations remains in Qamishli with our staff. But we have seen of course that in some areas where there is active fighting it is for obvious reasons impossible to go there. And aid is being redirected towards areas where those who can help are moving.”
In a related development, the UN human rights office, OHCHR, has condemned online video footage showing what appear to be summary executions carried out by fighters belonging to the Ahrar Al-Sharqiya armed group, which is affiliated with Turkey, on 12 October.
According to the World Food Programme (WFP), 83,000 people have already received food aid.
UN Children’s Fund UNICEF, meanwhile, confirmed the deaths “of at least four children and the injuries of nine in north-east Syria”, along with seven other youngsters in Turkey.
Concerns over deportation of Haitian migrants from Bahamas to Haiti – OHCHR
To the Bahamas now, where there’s concern that over 100 Haitian people have been deported, including some from the Abaco islands, that were devastated by Hurricane Dorian only weeks ago.
In a statement, the UN human rights office, OHCHR, said that there is “panic” among Haitians since the authorities reversed their decision not to enforce immigration checks in places affected by the natural disaster.
It also cited reports of people leaving temporary shelters because they feared being arrested, and of others going into hiding.
In an appeal to the Bahamas, the UN office urged the authorities not to deport anyone else, noting that many Haitian migrants lost their documents, jobs and belongings when the hurricane hit the informal settlements where they live.
The OHCHR statement also highlighted “deeply worrying” discriminatory public declarations against Haitians, as well as xenophobic messages in the media.
IOM organizes first humanitarian charter flight from Algeria to Niger
And finally to Niger, where for the first time, more than 160 migrants flew home on Tuesday after leaving Algeria, with the help of the UN migration agency, IOM.
Working with the Governments of both countries, IOM helped men, women and children board the inaugural flight from the Southern Algerian city of Tamanrasset to Niger’s capital, Niamey.
The voluntary returns initiative was set up to prevent the migrants from having to repeat the long journey that took them northwards in the first place.
In neighbouring, war-torn Libya, detention centres still house thousands of migrants in terrible conditions, UN agencies have long warned.
Since 2016, IOM missions have helped more than 7,500 Nigerien migrants go home from Libya.
After the migrants have returned to their communities, they are given help to reintegrate, depending on their needs, skills and aspirations.
This can include medical assistance or vocational training, IOM says, or setting up a business.
Daniel Johnson, UN News