This is the News in Brief from the United Nations.
Massive cholera vaccine campaign set to begin in cyclone-hit Mozambique
Nine-hundred-thousand doses of cholera vaccine have arrived in Mozambique to help prevent an epidemic after the devastation caused by Cyclone Idai, the UN has said, amid reports that the disease has already infected more than 1,000 people.
Confirming the delivery in the port city of Beira on Tuesday, Christian Lindmeier from the World Health Organization (WHO) said it was already being unloaded.
Along with ensuring that a second dose of vaccine is made available later this year, preventing people from drinking dirty water is a key priority, he explained:
“Once a person is sick, accessing treatment as quick as possible is of most importance. It’s a sad fact to remind everyone (that) the young, the frail and the old - children especially - if they catch cholera in the morning, they could be dead in the evening if not treated.”
The vaccination campaign will start on Wednesday in Beira city and the districts of Dondo, Nhamatanda and Buzi, providing protection from the waterborne disease for six months.
Amid forecasts of further rain, the World Food Programme announced that thanks to receding floodwaters, it is scaling up aid significantly to 1.2 million people in rural areas of the four most affected provinces.
Acute hunger affects over 100 million people worldwide: UN report
A total of 113 million people in 53 countries experienced dangerously high levels of food insecurity in 2018, with conflict and weather-related disasters among the main contributing factors, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said on Tuesday.
According to its latest report, nearly two-thirds of those facing acute hunger come from just eight countries: Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria and Yemen.
And although there were 11 million fewer people believed to be in food crisis in 2018 compared with 2017, in 17 countries, acute hunger either remained the same or increased, the report indicates.
Produced with the World Food Programme (WFP) and the European Union (EU), the FAO report’s findings show that another 143 million people in 42 more countries are just one step away from acute hunger.
A total of 13 countries including North Korea and Venezuela are not in the report, due to data gaps.
Millions still need help in north-east Nigeria, warn aid teams
And finally, to north-east Nigeria, where UN aid teams have warned of an ongoing crisis affecting more than seven million people.
The situation, which has been caused by 10 years of ongoing violence involving Boko Haram and other extremist groups, has created a humanitarian emergency in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states, that’s spilled over into neighbouring Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
Samantha Newport from UN humanitarian affairs coordination office, OCHA, in Nigeria told UN News that the crisis is among the world’s 10 most severe.
“There are five and a half million people in Borno state; Borno state is actually 40 per cent bigger than Switzerland and 85 per cent of the people in Borno state are in need of humanitarian assistance, so this is a vast number by anybody's standards. These are people who have been displaced from the conflict and this year we will be working towards supporting and providing assistance to the 1.6 million internally displaced people; we will also be working to provide assistance to the people in the host communities and we will also be working to provide assistance to the people who have returned home.”
According to the UN Migration Agency IOM, 120,000 people have fled their homes in the last six months, amid an increasingly volatile security situation marked by more frequent attacks.
Amid a deteriorating situation including limited humanitarian access, congestion in protection camps for displaced people and grave protection concerns. OCHA believes that it is critical for the international community to contribute to the $848 million appeal for north-east Nigeria.
Daniel Johnson, UN News.