This is the News in Brief from the United Nations.
Call to protect NE Nigeria’s most vulnerable after deadly attack on camp
Hundreds of people already forced to flee their homes by violence in Nigeria’s troubled north-east have been uprooted once again after deadly attacks at a camp where they were sheltering.
According to UN humanitarian coordinating office OCHA, an armed group killed at least eight people and injured dozens more two days ago, near Maiduguri, capital of Borno state.
The assailants also kidnapped women and burned and looted homes, shelters and food stocks in their attack on Dalori camp and nearby communities.
Here’s OCHA spokesperson Jens Laerke:
“This attack happened late Wednesday night. We know, the information that I have, is that hundreds were displaced as a result. Where they are right now this morning I don’t have specific information about that…It really is a blanket call to beef up security for civilians in Borno and also the other two states, but particularly Borno.”
The damaged camp is one of nine housing 47,000 people near Dalori village, which was almost totally burned to the ground during an attack in 2016, that killed more than 100 people.
Clashes between government troops and extremists since 2009 have created a humanitarian crisis in Nigeria’s North-East that has spilled over into the Lake Chad region.
OCHA has warned that the situation is one of the most severe in the world today, with 7.7 million people in need of aid in the worst affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe.
251,770 lives lost to tsunamis in last 20 years, $280 billion in losses: UNISDR
Tsunamis claimed more than a quarter of a million lives in the last 20 years, compared with fewer than 1,000 in the previous two decades, UN researchers said on Friday, in a call to “build back better” after natural disasters.
Ahead of World Tsunami Awareness Day on Monday 5 November, the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) highlighted the dangers and huge economic losses caused by tidal wave events – notably for Indian and Pacific Ocean countries.
Since 1998, tsunamis alone have caused $280 billion in economic losses, the UN office said, noting that one single event was responsible for more than 19,000 deaths and more than $228 billion in losses: the great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in 2011.
In the 20 years after 1978, losses were under $3 billion, globally.
In an appeal to help vulnerable communities better protect themselves from natural disasters, UNISDR has also called for greater awareness of the fact that the catastrophic damage caused makes it “more challenging” to eradicate global poverty.
Rush of Venezuelans into Peru ahead of residency deadline - UNHCR
Finally, amid an upsurge in the number of Venezuelans leaving their country, UN refugee agency UNHCR has appealed for neighbouring States to continue to take in those in need of shelter.
UNHCR spokesperson Babar Baloch told journalists in Geneva that the agency had reinforced its presence at crucial border points as people “rushed” into Peru from Venezuela, where the UN human rights office has expressed concern at the economic crisis and violence against protesters.
On Wednesday, more than 6,700 people entered Peru from Ecuador’s main Tumbes crossing – that’s three times the usual number.
The reason for the sudden increase was the October 31st deadline for Temporary Stay Permits, set by Peruvian authorities, Mr Baloch said:
“As far as I understand, the number after the initial rush has fallen down a bit, but definitely for those who would still feel that they would need to access territories for international protection, it’s very important that States continue to provide that.”
According to UNHCR, Peru is home to half a million Venezuelans; at least 150,000 have applied for asylum there since 2014.
Daniel Johnson, UN News.