This is the news in brief from the United Nations.
“Millions of children” globally poisoned by pollution
Air pollution is “poisoning millions of children and ruining their lives” according to the World Health Organization, (WHO).
In a report release on Monday, the UN health agency said that some 1.8 billion children under the age of 15 breathe in air that is so toxic it poses health and developmental risks.
WHO estimates that in 2016, 600,000 children died from acute lower respiratory infections caused by polluted air.
The report also found that household air pollution from cooking combined with outside air pollution is responsible for more than 50 per cent of acute lower respiratory infections in children under age 5 in low- and middle-income countries.
The report was launched on the eve of WHO’s first-ever Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health, which kicks off on Tuesday in Geneva.
Tents arrive for 10,000 Indonesians made homeless by earthquake
Some 2,000 emergency tents have been delivered by the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, to people who have been made homeless by the recent earthquake and tsunami in Indonesia.
Around 10,000 children, women and men will be accommodated in the tents which arrived over the last week.
Additional aid, including more tents, sleeping mats, mosquito nets and solar lamps, is on its way.
According to the Indonesia National Agency for Disaster Management, the September 2018 quake and subsequent tsunami damaged around 68,000 houses, displacing 200,000 people and killing some 2,000 others.
UNHCR staff described the effects of the natural disaster as “beyond imagination” and “devastating.”
Saudi Arabia: Halt death sentences on minors, say UN experts
UN human rights experts have urged Saudi Arabia to immediately halt the execution of six people sentenced to death for alleged crimes committed when they were under the age 18.
The six, who face imminent execution, were sentenced for charges that experts said criminalize fundamental human rights, including the freedom of assembly and expression.
They were reportedly tortured and ill-treated, forced to confess, denied adequate legal assistance during trial and never had access to an effective complaint mechanism, the experts said.
Death penalty sentences and executions for crimes committed by persons below the age of 18 at the time of the offence run contrary to international law and standards.
The UN experts said they were in contact with Saudi authorities regarding the cases.
Liz Scaffidi, UN News.