This is the News in Brief from the United Nations
UN Goodwill Ambassador and Congolese surgeon joint winners of Nobel Peace Prize 2018
The decision to jointly award this year’s Nobel Peace Prize to UN Goodwill Ambassador Nadia Murad and Congolese surgeon Denis Mukwege has the potential to help end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war, UN chief António Guterres said on Friday.
Speaking at UN Headquarters in New York, Mr Guterres described the winners as “vital tools for peace”.
“In defending the victims of sexual violence in conflict, they have defended our shared values," he said, praising Dr. Mukwege's "fearless" championing of women raped and abused in conflict in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
Ms. Murad, Mr Guterres said, had given voice to "unspeakable abuse" in northern Iraq, when Dae'sh terrorists brutally targeted the Yazidi ethnic minority in 2014.
"She has pursued support for victims of human trafficking and sexual slavery, and justice for perpetrators," he added.
Access still an obstacle to reaching stricken communities on Indonesia’s Sulawesi island
Aid is reaching victims one week after an earthquake and tsunami hit the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, but stricken communities are still in dire need of help, UN aid agencies said on Friday.
The official death toll is up to nearly 1,600 people.
And there are unconfirmed reports that more than 1,000 people have been buried in a housing complex in the city of Palu.
Here’s Paul Dillon, spokesperson for the International Organization for Migration (IOM):
“Part of the problem is the areas that are closest to the tsunami; where the tsunami hit hardest, are literally buried in mud. So, you have people circling those areas trying to get in but it’s literally inaccessible. You’re 200 metres from the remains of buildings, but you can’t actually get into those areas because the mud is thigh or waist-deep.”
Drinking water has been identified as one of the most urgent needs in Donggala, one of the worst-affected districts in the north of the island, along with shelter, healthcare and psychosocial support.
In other areas, electricity has been restored and markets have reopened.
WFP scales up emergency school lunch campaign in Central African Republic
To the Central African Republic now, where 165,000 of the country’s most vulnerable children are to get free school meals, the World Food Programme (WFP) has announced.
The emergency campaign is possible thanks to a nearly $17 million grant from USAID, which comes amid severe food insecurity in CAR that threatens half of the population.
More than 620,000 people are displaced in CAR after decades of instability and fighting, most recently between Seleka and anti-Balaka militants.
More than 430,000 receive assistance from WFP, which needs $64 million to secure aid for the next six months.
Daniel Johnson, United Nations, Geneva