This is the News in Brief from the United Nations.
Both war and mediating peace becoming ‘increasingly complex’, says UN Secretary-General
Both war and mediating peace are becoming “increasingly complex” the UN Secretary-General said on Wednesday, reiterating the need for greater investments in peacebuilding and sustainable development.
Speaking at a Security Council debate on the role of mediation and settlement of disputes, António Guterres called for “bold” and “creative” efforts to build the avenues and capacities that are available for mediation.
Mr. Guterres said that the UN has a number of mediation resources that are deployed in various ways, including his special envoys and representatives, as well as good offices, and formal talks, often alongside envoys and mediators from regional organizations or Member States.
He also highlighted the importance of meaningful participation and leadership of women in peace processes.
“Inclusive mediation requires paying greater attention to the gender dimensions of conflict, including conflict-related sexual violence and the gendered impact of decisions around post-war reconstruction. For example, the design of a post-conflict constitutional committee or a federal system will have a significant impact on women and their participation.”
‘Every effort’ must be made to bring the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty into force, urges UN chief
Wednesday marks the International Day Against Nuclear Tests to draw attention to the tragic effects of nuclear tests and to rally efforts to prevent such testing in the future.
In a message for the day, Secretary-General Guterres underscored that the consequences of nuclear tests are “not confined” by international borders, often impacting those from the most vulnerable communities around the world.
He stressed that the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty has an essential role within the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime, and urged that “every effort” be made to bring the essential treaty into force.
Refugee education is in crisis, warns UNHCR
More than half of the world’s school-aged refugee children are not in school, amid an “unprecedented” surge in refugees the past year, the United Nations refugee agency has said.
According to a new UNHCR report, released Wednesday, as of the end of last year, out of the global population of 7.4 million school-age refugee children, 4 million did not attend lessons of any kind — an increase of half a million out-of-school refugee children over the previous year.
At the same time, ensuring that refugee children who do have access to schools can receive “quality” education is critical, says Ita Sheehy, the Senior Education Adviser for the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
“In the past there were many instances where separate schools were built up, parallel schools, often using the home curriculum, and we have seen again and again and again that the quality of these schools diminishes, funds run out, and children get no certification. So, after spending three, four, five or even 10 years in a parallel school, the children have very little with which to move ahead.”
Education not only provides children a chance to heal and a shot at a better life, it also plays an important part in rebuilding affected communities and countries.
Omar Musni, UN News.