Some ten million people could die annually as a result of resistance to antimicrobial drugs, known as AMR, according to the Assistant Director- General of the World Health Organization (WHO).
The misuse of drugs, such as antibiotics, means that they can no longer fight so-called "super bugs", a situation which has been described as a “serious” global public health issue.
It’s become so serious, in fact, that heads of state and government will discuss the issue on Wednesday at a high-level meeting of the UN General Assembly.
Daniel Dickinson has been talking to Dr Keiji Fukuda, WHO’s Assistant Director-General.
He began by asking Dr Fukuda why antimicrobial resistance is such an important issue?