The train has been making its way around Belarus this week.
Film screenings, concerts, exhibitions and workshops on the goals have all been featured on board, in eight different cities.
The 17 development and poverty reduction targets which make up the SDGs were agreed by the international community in September.
Matthew Wells spoke with Sanaka Samarasinha, the UN Resident Coordinator in Belarus. He started out by asking him how the idea for the train came about.